With increase of digital signal bus speed and fast rise time signal, some small discontinuities like via and nonnormal return path on a bus are becoming more important factors for signal quality and timing. Long via has higher impedance than normal trace transmission lines do due to high inductance and low capacitance. Return path discontinuity (RPD) also produces impedance discontinuity due to local return inductance and capacitance changes.
This paper discusses the effect of series via and parallel via coupling on signal quality and skew and analyzes how the effect of signal trace referring power planeó RPD on signal quality and skew. A few recommendations reducing via and RPD discontinuities are given.